Morphological type and color indices of galaxies SDSS DR9 at 0.02 < r < 0.06

1Dobrycheva, DV, 1Vavilova, IB, 1Melnyk, OV, 1Elyiv, AA
1Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Kinemat. fiz. nebesnyh tel (Online) 2018, 34(6):22-40
Start Page: Extragalactic Astronomy
Language: Russian

We have studied the correlations of color indices of central (Mr < -20.7) and their faint neighboring (Mr ≥ -20.7) galaxies using sample based on the SDSS DR9 (N= 60 561). The galaxy sample was limited by redshift 0.02 < z ≥ 0.06 and with absolute magnitude -24m < Mr < -19.4m. The «Random forest» method of machine learning was used for determine the morphological type of galaxies. The statistically significant correlation was found only for «central galaxies — nearest neighbor galaxy» pairs, in which the distance between components is less than 100 kpc, and each of the components is an early type galaxy. The obtained results testify to the hierarchical scenario of the evolution of galaxies.

Keywords: color indices, galaxies, machine learning, morphology, the SDSS galaxies

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